Magnesium – 50% of the body’s magnesium is found in bones. New studies increasingly uncover new functions of magnesium, some of which include:
- The absorption and metabolism of calcium.
- The conversion of Vitamin D into its active form ( 25-(OH)D3 to 1,25-(OH)2D3) .
- Stimulating the thyroid’s production of calcitonin, which helps to regulate blood calcium by slowing down the amount of calcium released from the bones, slowing bone resorption .
- Regulating parathyroid hormone, which is a regulator of bone breakdown.
- Activate the enzyme required for production of new bone.
- Regulating calcium transport.
Magnesium has been shown to be in decreased concentration in the blood in post menopausal women with osteoporosis . Osteoporotic women have been shown to have decreased serum levels of magnesium , and lower bone magnesium content. Another study showed that magnesium supplementation improved bone mineral density .